"Super Fun Checker Power"
#1 Super Fun Checker Power!!
This particular checkerboard
happens to be smaller than most. It is this way in order to meet
the size requirement specified by the instructor. Each space is a
1” by 1” space. Each “checker” is slightly smaller and
circular. The checkers were fashioned by yours truly to insure
that their size, mass, and other properties were just what was
needed. The pieces are made out of steel. They have
to be done this way in order for the chosen end effector to be
effective. The end effector is a solenoid mounted on a metal
“arm.” When the solenoid is turned on, it produces a magnetic
field and picks up the checkers. As the mechanism moves the
checker from space to space, the solenoid stays on. When the
checker is above or on the desired space, the solenoid turns off and in
effect, drops the checker. The extra space on the board, the
actual board not the checker board, is left there for pieces that have
been “jumped.” These pieces are placed here when they leave play
and can reenter play when another piece is “kinged.” The solenoid
is powerful enough to perform its duty with two of these pieces, and
weak enough to be able to let go of a single one when needed.
History of Checkers
Checkers originated as
a game known as “Draught” in Great Britain. The first board was
found in the ancient city of Ur. This board dated back to roughly
3000 BC. Draught was not an entirely original game either.
It was based off of the Egyptian game of Alquerque, which dates back to
roughly 6000 BC. Each of the games is played on a 5 x 5 board
with the pieces set up in a non-systemetrical pattern. The game
eventually made its way to Europe when the Moors invaded Spain.
Around 1100 AD, somewhere in southern France, someone decided to play a
game of Alquerque with a 12 x 12 board and used 12 pieces for each
team. This was the beginning of chess and checkers as we know
them today. The game was renamed “Dames.” The rule of
compulsory overtaking of enemy pieces did not come up until the early
1500’s. This rule is not utilized today, but it’s an interesting
piece of information and a powerful part of strategy. The first
book on “checkers” was written by William Payne in England in 1756.
Draughts is known by different
names around the world:
France: La Jeu de Dames
Germany: das Damenspiel
Great Britain: Draughts